Monday, February 20, 2012

#McCainEgypt is the hashtag for press conference

@SenJohnMcCain   U.S. Senator John McCain   Washington, DC
#McCainEgypt is the hashtag for press conference

February 20, 2012

Washington, D.C. ­– U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ) today delivered the following statement at a press conference in Cairo, Egypt:
“I am Senator John McCain from Arizona, and it is a pleasure to return to Cairo. I am joined by four of my colleagues from the Senate – Senator Lindsey Graham from South Carolina, Senator Jeff Sessions from Alabama, Senator Richard Blumenthal from Connecticut, and Senator John Hoeven from North Dakota.
“We had scheduled this visit prior to the recent increase in tensions related to the non-governmental organizations. So our goal in coming here is not to attempt to negotiate this very important and delicate matter. We leave that to the Government of Egypt, the U.S. Embassy, and the Embassies of other countries involved.
“Instead, we traveled here to meet with newly elected members of the Parliament from across the political spectrum, with members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces – and to participate in a conference with Egyptian and American businesses that seek to increase prosperity and development in both of our peoples. With all of these different groups, we have reaffirmed the support of the United States, and the Congress in particular, for the sovereignty and aspirations of the Egyptian people – and conveyed our strong desire to cooperate, as partners and friends, with the new democratic government.
“Of course, the issue of the NGOs came up in all of our meetings. And we are confident that people of good faith – in this country, our country, and many others – can and will find an acceptable resolution to the present situation.
“As we follow the debate here in Egypt, we hear it said that these NGOs are violating Egyptian sovereignty and meddling in this country's internal affairs. Nothing could be further from the truth. Indeed, the majority of the people who work for these organizations here in Egypt are not foreigners, but Egyptians. And their work – which is done at the request of Egyptian democracy and civil society groups – seeks to support these Egyptian partners in pushing for the rule of law, free elections, a free media, respect for the human rights of all people, and other core principles of a democratic society. This assistance has been all the more important because of certain laws that have limited the freedom of Egyptian non-governmental organizations to work on behalf of their own civil society and democratic aspirations, both during the Mubarak era and still today.
“That is the real issue in question. Ultimately, this matter of the NGOs is not about America, despite the efforts of some to make it about America. It is about Egypt. It is about Egyptian democratic and civil society groups, the inherent rights they possess, and whether those rights are respected and protected by the government. It was the previous government’s restriction and oppression of Egyptian civil society that motivated Egyptians to raise their voices last year in protest for human rights and human dignity. The success of the Egyptian revolution inspired Egypt’s neighbors. It inspired America. And it continues to inspire the world.
“Now Egyptians have the chance to turn the page from the Mubarak era and write a new chapter in the great history of their sovereign nation. That is for Egyptians, and they alone, to do. And as Egyptians continue in their journey of democratic development, America will continue to stand with you, as a partner and as a friend.”
CAIRO - (AP) -- Sen. John McCain said Monday U.S. relations with Egypt are changing a year after the ouster of Hosni Mubarak but the two countries "must remain friends."
McCain was speaking at a business conference in Cairo just before meeting with the country's military leaders, who took power after Mubarak stepped down in the face of a popular uprising.
U.S.-Egypt relations are at their lowest points in decades, strained over the government's crackdown on foreign-funded nonprofit groups working for democracy in Egypt. Egyptian authorities have referred 16 Americans and 27 others who worked for the various groups to a criminal trial expected to begin on Feb. 26. McCain chairs one of the four American groups targeted.
"Egypt is changing. It is true, and as such, the nature of America's partnership with Egypt is also changing," McCain told a room full of U.S. and Egyptian businessmen.
"But ... we must remain the strongest of friends, politically, economically and militarily. We must maintain and strengthen the key pillars of that partnership, especially our commercial and trading relationship and where the people of Egypt and their newly elected government make the right decisions about the policies that will shape their sovereign nation's future," he said. "We must be here to reinforce and support them."
Washington has threatened to cut $1.5 billion in aid over the crackdown on the democracy groups.
Egypt under Mubarak was Washington's closest Arab ally in the Middle East and a loyal partner in the fight against Islamic extremism and terror. Mubarak also kept the 1979 peace treaty with Israel, a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy in the Mideast.
But with the military on the defensive over criticism that it has bungled the transition to democracy and the rise of an Islamist-dominated parliament, Egypt appears to be more ready to publicly challenge the U.S. and Israel, even at the risk of losing critical foreign aid. That stance taps into widespread anti-Israel and anti-U.S. sentiment in Egypt.
The ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has regularly accused "foreign hands" of backing continued protests against its rule. And the Islamist parties that control about two-thirds of the newly elected parliament have threatened to review the peace treaty with Israel if U.S. aid to Egypt is halted.
Four U.S.-based nonprofit groups are among those targeted, as well as a German agency. They are accused of operating in Egypt illegally and of fomenting protests calling for the ruling military council to immediately hand over power to a civilian authority.
McCain, a member of the Senate's Armed Services Committee, is leading a Congressional committee visiting various countries in the Middle East as well as Afghanistan.
Egypt's state news agency MENA said the head of the ruling military council, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, is discussing with McCain and the Congressional delegation developments and changes in U.S.-Egypt relations, as well as the nature of activities of civil society groups in Egypt in light of the democratic transition.
McCain chairs the International Republican Institute, one of the four American groups targeted. But he didn't mention the case in his remarks. He instead stressed the importance of the relationship between the two countries, focusing on commercial and trade relations.
He said the American people are committed to the success of Egypt's transition, which he called "a brand experiment in democratic rule and economic empowerment."
He said one of the main challenges to Egypt's transition to democracy remains the deteriorating economic situation in the country of 85 million.
"Unless Egypt can create jobs for the millions of young people in this country who desire a future of dignity for themselves, the politics of Egypt will be unsettled and the forces of extremism here could grow more and more powerful," he said.
U.S. Ambassador to Egypt Anne Patterson said American investors met with newly elected Egyptian lawmakers, some of whom were also businessmen. She said despite the stress in U.S. -Egypt relations, the U.S. businessmen want to be "deeply involved" in the new Egypt.
Meanwhile, airport officials said a U.S. citizen arriving to Egypt from Germany was arrested for assaulting a passport control officer after she complained over being asked to buy an entry visa.
Head of passport control at the airport Maj. Gen. Magdy el-Samman said the 31-year old American of Palestinian descent also spat at and scuffled with a policewoman "unnecessarily."
Another airport security official, Maj. Gen Salah Ziada, said the passenger will be deported pending a prosecutor's decision, and her name put on a travel blacklist.
Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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