Media Monitoring of the Transitional Phase in Egypt the Supreme Council of Armed Forces, Justice System, Parties and Elections July 2011 - January 2012
27 May 2012
Privately owned media outlets and the Internet played a major role prior to and following the revolution of 25 January. They highlighted several important issues pertaining to the corruption of the former regime and exposed many of the practices of the security services that violated human rights, such as torture, enforced disappearance, and indifference to the rule of law, provoking conflicting public opinion that paved the way for the outbreak of the revolution and the overthrow of the former regime.
These communication outlets also revealed similar practices that marred the performance of the political and military administrations after the revolution, which has had a role in the activities taking place in the streets against such practices.
On the other hand, state media and newspapers were removed from the street politics and have been the mouthpiece of the ruling regime that echo the statements of the leaders of the National Democratic Party and its Policies Secretariat. The crisis of state media exacerbated during and following the revolution as a result of misinforming the public, speaking on behalf of the political authority, and lacking professional performance and credibility. Therefore, criticism of state media has increased and demands to reform state media have emerged to make it the mouthpiece of the Egyptian people, instead of the ruling regime.
Following the success of the revolution, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) and the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) decided to work together on a project to monitor the media performance during the transitional phase, and detect the extent of credibility and professionalism of the selected media outlets. The Supreme Council of Armed Forces, the justice system, and political parties and elections have been selected to be monitored as the media covered these three most influential aspects that can help Egypt go forwards or backwards.
Eleven press and media outlets were monitored in seven months, which are the monitoring period from July 2011 to January 2012. The selected sample varied between the most popular media outlets (print newspapers, visual media, Internet), and also varied between state, private, and partisan media. Monitored newspapers: Al-Ahram, al-Akhbar, al-Masry al-Youm, al-Shorouk, al-Wafd. Monitored websites: Youm7, Masrawy, al-Ahram Gate, El-Badil. Monitored talk shows: Baladna Bel-Masry of ON TV, al-Ashera Masaan of Dream TV, Live from Egypt of the Egyptian Satellite Channel.